- 1034 – Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan (d. 1073)
- 1675 – Paul Dudley, American lawyer and jurist (d. 1751)
- 1875 – Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian-German engineer and businessman, founded Porsche (d. 1951)
- 1931 – Dick Motta, American basketball player and coach
- 264 – Sun Xiu, Chinese emperor (b. 235)
- 931 – Uda, emperor of Japan (b. 867)
- 1886 – William W. Snow, American lawyer and politician (b. 1812)
- 2005 – William Rehnquist, American lawyer and jurist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1924)
- 2012 – Sun Myung Moon, Korean religious leader and businessman, founded the Unification Church (b. 1920)
- 301 – San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world’s oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.
- 590 – Consecration of Pope Gregory I (Gregory the Great).
- 1189 – Richard I of England (a.k.a. Richard “the Lionheart”) is crowned at Westminster.
- 1777 – American Revolutionary War: During the Battle of Cooch’s Bridge, the Flag of the United States is flown in battle for the first time.
- 1783 – American Revolutionary War: The war ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris by the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain.
- 1838 – Future abolitionist Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery.
- 1895 – John Brallier becomes the first openly professional American football player, when he was paid US$10 by David Berry, to play for the Latrobe Athletic Association in a 12–0 win over the Jeanette Athletic Association.
- 1914 – French composer Albéric Magnard is killed defending his estate against invading German soldiers.
- 1939 – World War II: France, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia declare war on Germany after the invasion of Poland, forming the Allies.
- 1944 – Holocaust: Diarist Anne Frank and her family are placed on the last transport train from the Westerbork transit camp to the Auschwitz concentration camp, arriving three days later.
- 1971 – Qatar becomes an independent state.
- 2016 – The U.S. and China, together responsible for 40% of the world’s carbon emissions, both formally ratify the Paris global climate agreement.
- National Skyscraper Day
- Telephone Tuesday
- US Bowling League Day